Commonwealth Transforming Telcos Workshop
Airports in Johannesburg
The main airport in Johannesburg is the O.R. Tambo International Airport, also called Johannesburg International Airport. It features two large terminals: Terminal A is for international flights, and Terminal B for domestic. There is a second, smaller airport in the city, called the Lanseria Airport, which serves mostly regional, diplomatic and budget flights.
O.R. Tambo International Airport
It’s located east of Johannesburg approximately 25 miles/40 km from The Conference will be held at BT Building Airport transfers are NOT included in the conference fee. Delegates are requested to make their own arrangements to get to the hotel. A taxi from JNB Airport to Sandton costs approximately R400 and it takes around-thirty five minutes (depending on traffic). When calling for a taxi, it is a good idea to agree on the rate over the phone.
O.R. Tambo International Airport (JNB)
Tel: +27(0)11 921 6911 / +27(0)11 921 6262
Lanseria International Airport
Lanseria International Airport is located North of Johannesburg, with easy access from the West Rand, Pretoria and surrounds
Lanseria International Airport (HLA)
Tel: +27 (0)11 367 0300
GPS: S 25° 56′ 22.9 E 27° 55′ 32.1
Passports are required by everyone entering the country. Passports must contain at least 2 blank pages and must be valid for no less than 30 days from the date of exit from South Africa.
Home Affairs Department of Republic of South Africa advises that visitors’ visas are for international travellers who have permanent residence outside South Africa and who wish to visit the country on a temporary basis for tourism or business purposes for a period of 90 days or less. The permit’s period of validity is calculated from the date of entry into the country and will be set out under the heading “conditions” on the visa label. You must ensure that you apply for the correct visa/permit. Entry in the country may be refused if the purpose of visit was not correctly stated. To read more about visas requirements please visit Home Affairs – Republic of South Africa website.
Due to the fact that different requirements apply to different countries and the requirements are subject to change, we advise that you should contact the nearest South African mission or consulate to make any enquiries and to find more details about your visa application.
**All visa arrangements and costs are to be borne by the attendees and/or their administration. CTO will be happy to assist with an Invitation Letter on request**
Before your trip you should check with your doctor whether you need any vaccinations or other preventive measures on the following:
Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease caused by Vibrio cholerae bacteria and occurs in this country. It is transmitted through contaminated food and water. Most travellers are at low risk. Those at higher risk include humanitarian aid workers and travellers with remote itineraries in areas of cholera outbreaks, who have limited access to safe water and medical care. Travellers should practice strict food, water and personal hygiene precautions.
Hepatitis A is a viral disease that causes inflammation of the liver and it is known or presumed to occur in this country.
Hepatitis A is transmitted through contaminated food and water. Those at higher risk include travellers visiting friends and relatives, long stay travellers, and those visiting areas of poor sanitation. Travellers should practice strict food, water and personal hygiene precautions.
Hepatitis B is a viral disease that causes inflammation of the liver and may lead to chronic complications and is transmitted via infected blood or bodily fluids. In South Africa 2% or more of the population are known or presumed to be persistently infected with the hepatitis B virus. Travellers should avoid contact with blood or bodily fluids. Where contact is unavoidable, appropriate protective precautions should be taken. A sterile medical kit should be carried.
Rabies is a neurological disease caused by viruses of the Lyssavirus genus and it has been reported in domestic and wild animals. Transmission may occur following contact with the saliva from an infected animal, most often via a bite, scratch or lick to an open wound or mucous membrane. It also may occur following contact with the saliva of an infected bat (via bites or scratches or saliva contact with mucous membranes). Bites from bats are frequently unrecognised. The risk of exposure is increased by the type of activity (e.g. running, cycling), occupation (e.g. veterinarians) and for those staying in this country for long periods. Travellers should avoid contact with all animals and bats. Following a possible exposure, wounds should be thoroughly cleansed and an urgent local medical assessment sought, even if the wound appears trivial. Prompt post exposure treatment may be required.
Tetanus is caused by a toxin released from Clostridium tetani bacteria and it is found worldwide. Tetanus bacteria are present in soil and manure and may be introduced through open wounds such as a puncture wound, burn or scratch. Travellers should thoroughly clean all wounds and seek appropriate medical attention.
Typhoid fever is a systemic disease caused by Salmonella Typhi bacteria and it is known or presumed to occur in this country. Typhoid is transmitted through contaminated food and water. Travellers who will have access to safe food and water are likely to be at low risk. Travellers should practice strict food, water and personal hygiene precautions even if vaccinated.
Non-Vaccine Preventable Risks:
Malaria is a serious febrile illness caused by infection of red blood cells with Plasmodium sp. parasites: P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae and it is transmitted via the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Anophelesmosquitoes feed predominantly during the hours from dusk to dawn.
There is a moderate risk of malaria in South Africa from September to May only in the low altitude areas of Mpumalanga and Limpopo which border Mozambique and Zimbabwe. This includes the Kruger National Park. There is also a low risk of malaria in northeast KwaZulu-Natal. The areas bordering these are low risk.
Risk depends on the specific location, season of travel, length of stay, activities and type of accommodation. Those at higher risk of malaria, or of severe complications from malaria, include pregnant women, infants and young children, the elderly, and those visiting friends and relatives. Travellers should take mosquito bite avoidance measures.
Travellers who develop a fever of 38°C [100°F] or higher more than one week after being in a malaria risk area, or who develop any symptoms suggestive of malaria within a year of return should seek immediate medical care.
There is a point of elevation in this country higher than 2,500 metres (m). Travel to destinations of 2,500-3,500 m (8,200-11,500 feet) or higher carries the risk of altitude illness. Important risk factors for altitude illness are the altitude gained, rate of ascent and sleeping altitude. Rapid ascent without a period of acclimatisation puts a traveller at higher risk. The most important prevention measure is adequate acclimatisation. Travellers should spend a few days at an intermediate altitude below 3,000 m. Ascent above 3,000 m should be gradual with no more than a 300 – 500 m increase in sleeping altitude per day, with a rest day every three days. Acetazolamide is recognised for use in the prevention of altitude illness. It should not replace acclimatisation and gradual ascent. Travellers who develop symptoms of altitude illness (headache, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea and sleep disturbance) should avoid further ascent. In the absence of improvement or with progression of symptoms the first response should be to descend. Development of more severe forms of altitude illness, high-altitude cerebral oedema (HACE) (confusion, difficulty with balance and coordination) or high-altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE) (shortness of breath at rest, cough and chest tightness), require immediate descent and emergency medical treatment.